Cisco: Layer 2 traffic filtering

Layer 2 traffic filtering can be very useful when you want to drop packets closer to
the source because you can do this on L2 next-hop which is the switch where the
devices are connected. Based on mac-address, Layer 2 filtering can be apply using
one of the two most common method: Port Security and MAC Access Groups.

Port Security is the more secure method of the two. To use it, map a switch port to the
specific MAC address of the connected device. It gives you more possibility than just
drop the packets from a specific source, depending on what you want to achieve on
the interface where it is applied.

MAC Access Groups are generally used for small networks of 20 devices or less. Add
a permit statement for all of your devices interface MAC addresses and apply the access
list to switch interface. This will limit inbound traffic to that interface to only those
MAC addresses on your list. Is not recommended when you have many MAC addresses,
because MAC access-list are the same like IP address access-list, so they consume a
lot of resources of the machine where it is applied.

For this tutorial we will use a Cisco 3750 in which it is connected a router ( R4 ). To test
Layer 2 traffic filtering, we have a point-to-point Layer 3 connection in between
( /30 ), with physical interface used on the R4 and a Vlan 4 interface on the
switch. The port on the switch were R4 is connected is an access port in vlan 4.

Please see the tutorial below: