In my last post I wrote some basics about the new 4-bytes AS number which is supported on new Cisco IOS images. Now I would like to give you a brief overview about different BGP peering scenarios that you can meet in the real world. Even if the configuration examples in this article are on a Cisco hardware with the latest IOS, the BGP scenarios can be applied to any other platform.
OK, let take the following topology (the high quality PDF file can be downloaded here):
You can see that I think of 3 main scenarios when it comes to have in the same topology 2-Bytes only and 4-Bytes ASN BGP routers:
– 2-Bytes support ASN peering with a 4-Bytes ASN, which has a number greater that 65535 (if you remember from the previous article, this can be wrote as ASPLAIN or ASDOT)
– 4-Bytes ASN peering with a router that support 4-Bytes ASN, but in fact has a number smaller than 65535 (e.g old telecom provider which has has the ASN already asigned as 3456)
– 2-Bytes ASN peering with the same 4-Bytes supported ASN, but with a number smaller than 65535, as in the above scenario
I chose this particular scenarios because it will be interesting to see how we configure a 2-Bytes ASN BGP router which has a 4-Bytes ASN peer or how the same 2-Bytes ASN BGP router will have the AS-Path containing the 4-Bytes ASN router.
For the R1 and R3 routers I will use a C3640 with an IOS image that support only 2-Bytes ASN, and for R2 and R3 a C7200 with the newest IOS image that can support 4-Bytes ASN. All routers have a Loopback interface that will be the BGP router-id an also announced into BGP (e.g. R2 will have interface Loopback100 with IP address 220.127.116.11/32). The AS number that I will use (ignore the fact that I use public ones, it’s just to be more easy to follow):
R1 – ASN 1111
R2 – ASN 2.2 (ASPLAIN 131074)
R3 – ASN 3333
R4 – ASN 4444
I will skip all the boring point-2-point configuration and present only the BGP config.
#### R1-C3600 ####
router bgp 1111
bgp router-id 18.104.22.168
neighbor 10.10.12.2 remote-as 23456
network 22.214.171.124 mask 255.255.255.255
As you can see in BGP peering between R1 and R2 we have to use the remote-as number 23456, due to the fact that R1 is not supporting 4-Bytes ASN. If you read my previous post, or from other sources, you know that any BGP router that does not support 4-Bytes ASN, will use a transitory number for peering with 4-Bytes ASN BGP routers and this number is 23456.
#### R2-C7200 ####
First let’s be sure that the IOS is supporting 4-Bytes ASN. Simplest way:
router bgp ?
<1-65535> Autonomous system number
<1.0-XX.YY> 4 Octets Autonomous system number
I think it’s obvious that it supports. A small note. On all Cisco platforms (usually C3600, C7200) with IOS that I tried testing 4-Bytes ASN BGP, I saw that only ASDOT format is supported. I don’t know about other software platforms (like NX-OS) or something high-end hardware if they support ASPLAIN. Now for the configuration, R2 is peering with R1 and R3:
router bgp 2.2
bgp router-id 126.96.36.199
neighbor 10.10.12.1 remote-as 1111
neighbor 10.10.23.3 remote-as 3333
network 188.8.131.52 mask 255.255.255.255
#### R3-C7200 ####
R3 supports 4-Bytes ASN, but due to the fact that it’s and “old telecom provider” it had been assigned a 2-Bytes ASN, so I will preserve this form:
router bgp 3333
bgp router-id 184.108.40.206
neighbor 10.10.23.2 remote-as 2.2
neighbor 10.10.34.4 remote-as 4444
network 220.127.116.11 mask 255.255.255.255
The difference between R3 and R1 is that R3 support for “remote-as” a 4-bytes ASN number (again only ASDOT representation). So, in it’s peering with R2, the remote ASN is 2.2
#### R4-C3600 ####
R4 only support 2-Bytes ASN, but the difference from R1 is that it has to peer with a 4-Bytes supported ASN router that in fact has a 2-Bytes AS number.
router bgp 4444
bgp router-id 18.104.22.168
neighbor 10.10.34.3 remote-as 3333
network 22.214.171.124 mask 255.255.255.255
This is the basic configuration in this topology. Let’s take now the IP address 126.96.36.199 which is advertised into BGP from R1. If you will check the AS-Path on R4 and R3, you will see a big difference. Have a look into the screen capture below to see the real environment for the above topology: